Product Backlog Vs Sprint Backlog Difference In Agile Methodology

30/04/2021 0 ile admin

The Scrum Team discusses what went well during the Sprint, what problems it encountered, and how those problems were solved. During the event, the Scrum Team and stakeholders review what was accomplished in the Sprint and what has changed in their environment. Based on this information, attendees collaborate on what to do next.

The Sprint Goal also creates coherence and focus, encouraging the Scrum Team to work together rather than on separate initiatives. It is a highly visible, real-time picture of the work that the Developers plan to accomplish during the Sprint in order to achieve the Sprint Goal. Consequently, the Sprint Backlog is updated throughout the Sprint as more is learned. It should have enough detail that they can inspect their progress in the Daily Scrum. The Sprint Review is the second to last event of the Sprint and is timeboxed to a maximum of four hours for a one-month Sprint. The Daily Scrum is a 15-minute event for the Developers of the Scrum Team.

Burndown chartAt the beginning of Sprint, Scrum Team will mark and estimate the detailed tasks that need to be done in this Sprint. All tasks that need to be completed in this Sprint, but not completed, are cumulative workloads. The team updates the cumulative workload daily according to the progress. If the cumulative workload is reduced to 0 at the end of the Sprint, the Sprint will be successfully completed. Scrum Sprint planning meetingThe Sprint Backlog defines what the development team needs to do to convert the Product Backlog Items into increments of “done”. The Sprint Backlog clarifies the work required by the development team to achieve the Sprint goals.

Sprint Backlog Vs Product Backlog: Whats The Difference?

For transparency, the product backlog should be up-to-date and refined to provide clarity. Backlog refinement is an optional event in scrum, because some backlogs don’t need it. However, for most teams, it’s better to get the team together to review and refine the backlog prior to sprint planning. While anyone can use sprint planning to manage projects, it traditionally stems from the Agile and Scrum methodology in software engineering. Sprint planning is incremental work, selected from a product backlog, that happens in short periods of time and is planned in advance. Lastly in sprint backlog team implementing the most prioritized product backlog items into working software.

In the Scrum project, the team tracks the progress of the entire release plan by updating the release burn-out chart at the end of each Sprint. The release of burndown charts recorded the trend of the total remaining estimated workload of the Sprint backlog over a period of time. The X-axis represents the project cycle in terms of Sprint, and the Y-axis represents the remaining workload, usually in terms of user stories, ideal human days or team-days. Within the Agile software development lifecycle , the goal is to produce a working product at the end of each sprint. So, sprints should be long enough to keep teams focused, yet long enough to build and test a quality deliverable.

sprint backlog

The purpose of sprint plans is to ensure success through a shared and detailed understanding of the work ahead. Sprint planning helps teams control projects and better manage product backlog to deploy small parts of projects quicker and more frequently to enhance customer satisfaction. According to the scrum framework, the entire agile team — scrum master, product owner, and development team members — will share ownership of the sprint backlog.

Product Backlog items that can be Done by the Scrum Team within one Sprint are deemed ready for selection in a Sprint Planning event. They usually acquire this degree of transparency after refining activities. Product Backlog refinement is the act of breaking down and further defining Product Backlog items into smaller more precise items. This is an ongoing activity to add details, such as a description, order, and size. The Scrum Team inspects how the last Sprint went with regards to individuals, interactions, processes, tools, and their Definition of Done. Assumptions that led them astray are identified and their origins explored.

These values give direction to the Scrum Team with regard to their work, actions, and behavior. The decisions that are made, the steps taken, and the way Scrum is used should reinforce these values, not diminish or undermine them. The Scrum Team members learn and explore the values as they work with the Scrum events and artifacts. When these values are embodied by the Scrum Team and the people they work with, the empirical Scrum pillars of transparency, inspection, and adaptation come to life building trust. The Sprint Backlog is a sufficiently specific plan to make progress changes understandable in daily meetings.

Scrum Team members respect each other to be capable, independent people, and are respected as such by the people with whom they work. The Scrum Team members have the courage to do the right thing, to work on tough problems. We follow the growing use of Scrum within an ever-growing complex world. We are humbled to see Scrum being adopted in many domains holding essentially complex work, beyond software product development where Scrum has its roots.

Also, because projects are being tackled in chunks of work and reviewed more often, it allows for more frequent feedback loops. This way, you can flag issues or mistakes earlier in the project life cycle, rather than once at the end. This helps teams avoid significant rework and loss of time and resources.

By getting as much up-front clarity as possible on the work the team is focusing on, everyone gets the transparency needed to get started on the work. For example, leaving things vague is much worse than describing something as a question to be answered during the sprint. The top items on a well-groomed, prioritized product backlog will often represent the upcoming sprint backlog.

What Is A Product Backlog

As Scrum’s use spreads, developers, researchers, analysts, scientists, and other specialists do the work. We use the word “developers” in Scrum not to exclude, but to simplify. A step-by-step guide on how to drive a scrum project, prioritize and organize your backlog into sprints, run the scrum ceremonies and more, all in Jira. Empirical processes are very hard to plan, so don’t kid yourself–you can’t build the perfect plan.

  • The Sprint Backlog is highly visible, a real-time reflection of the team’s plans to complete work within the current Sprint, and it belongs only to the development team.
  • Although the Sprint Goal is a commitment by the Developers, it provides flexibility in terms of the exact work needed to achieve it.
  • Scrum exists only in its entirety and functions well as a container for other techniques, methodologies, and practices.
  • Some sprints may last more than a month but are typically two workweeks long.
  • The Product Owner ensures that attendees are prepared to discuss the most important Product Backlog items and how they map to the Product Goal.
  • For complex work, the level of information you know at the start can be low, and much of it is based on assumptions.

It does not have to be hard, even if the problem you are solving is. The sprint goal describes the objective of the sprint at a high level, but the backlog Items can also be written with an outcome in mind. User stories are one great way of describing the work from a customer point of view. User stories, written like the one below, re-focus defects, issues, and improvements on the outcome the customer is seeking rather than the observed problem.

2 Techniques Used To Maintain Product Backlog Effectively

To honor the first places where it was tried and proven, we recognize Individual Inc., Newspage, Fidelity Investments, and IDX . If there are multiple Scrum Teams working together on a product, they must mutually define and comply with the same Definition of Done. The Sprint Goal is created during the Sprint Planning event and then added to the Sprint Backlog.

The Sprint Goal, the Product Backlog items selected for the Sprint, plus the plan for delivering them are together referred to as the Sprint Backlog. The Product Owner proposes how the product could increase its value and utility in the current Sprint. The whole Scrum Team then collaborates to define a Sprint Goal that communicates why the Sprint is valuable to stakeholders. The Sprint Goal must be finalized prior to the end of Sprint Planning. The Product Owner ensures that attendees are prepared to discuss the most important Product Backlog items and how they map to the Product Goal. The Scrum Team may also invite other people to attend Sprint Planning to provide advice.

sprint backlog

Instead of building the most complete, “every minute of the sprint is accounted for” sprint plan, focus on the goal and build enough of a sprint backlog to get started. Next, ensure that the product backlog is ordered to allow the team to pick up work if they delivered on the sprint goal early. In scrum, the sprint is a set period of time where all the work is done. However, before you can leap into action you have to set up the sprint. You need to decide on how long the time box is going to be, the sprint goal, and where you’re going to start.

Sprint Planning

For each iteration the team creates a new plan, based on what is in the top of the Product backlog when starting the sprint. It is easy to get so bogged down in the details of sprint planning you forget that the focus of sprint planning is to build a ‘just enough’ plan for the next sprint. That plan shouldn’t become a monkey for the team’s back, instead, it should focus the team on valuable outcomes, and allow guardrails for self-organization. A good sprint plan motivates everyone by defining an outcome and a clear plan for success.

sprint backlog

The Scrum Guide documents Scrum as developed, evolved, and sustained for 30-plus years by Jeff Sutherland and Ken Schwaber. Other sources provide patterns, processes, and insights that complement the Scrum framework. These may increase productivity, value, creativity, and satisfaction with the results. Although the Sprint Goal is a commitment by the Developers, it provides flexibility in terms of the exact work needed to achieve it.

It gives the developers a fixed set of tasks and to-do items that they focus on for the upcoming sprint without worrying that their workload could be completely upended at any time. Because these lists include only work that can be completed in a short timeframe , sprint backlogs are often very simple. Lucidchart is the intelligent diagramming application that empowers teams to clarify complexity, align their insights, and build the future—faster.

The 2020 Scrum Guidetm

Testable The user story or its related description must provide the necessary information to make test development possible. EstimableYou must always be able to estimate the size of a user story. Small User stories should not be so big as to become impossible to plan/task/prioritize with a certain level of certainty. They are structured and empowered by the organization to manage their own work. Working in Sprints at a sustainable pace improves the Scrum Team’s focus and consistency.

What Is Sprint Backlog

Scrum engages groups of people who collectively have all the skills and expertise to do the work and share or acquire such skills as needed. Each element of the framework serves a specific purpose that is essential to the overall value and results realized with Scrum. Changing the core design or ideas of Scrum, leaving out elements, or not following the rules of Scrum, covers up problems and limits the benefits of Scrum, potentially even rendering it useless. Explore using different estimation techniques such as t-shirt sizing or story points. Sign up to get the latest Lucidchart updates and tips delivered to your inbox once a month.


Some sprints may last more than a month but are typically two workweeks long. Each sprint includes multiple checkpoints, such as a daily standup or collaborative document, to give teams a chance to pivot or make changes as needed. Sprint Backlog is a set of Product Backlog items selected for the current Sprint, plus plans for delivering product increments for achieving Sprint goals. Sprint Backlog is the development team’s expectation of what functions will be included in the next increment and what work will be required to deliver those functions. In this sense, the product owner will guide the sprint backlog decisions by first establishing the overall goal for the sprint.

Sprint Planning Best Practices

Whether you’re building new software or making updates to existing products, the process requires solidarity within teams to mitigate risks and prevent compromises to existing systems. Sprints enable predictability by ensuring inspection and adaptation of progress toward a Product Goal at least every calendar month. When a Sprint’s horizon is too long the Sprint Goal may become invalid, complexity may rise, and risk may increase. Shorter Sprints can be employed to generate more learning cycles and limit risk of cost and effort to a smaller time frame.

By focusing on the goal rather than the work it is possible to find smart alternatives for how that goal is achieved. At any point in Sprint, the sum of all remaining work on the Sprint Backlog can be calculated. The development team tracks all remaining work at least at daily meetings and predicts the likelihood of achieving the Sprint goals. By keeping track of the rest of the work in Sprint, the development team can manage its progress.

The sum of the Increments is presented at the Sprint Review thus supporting empiricism. However, an Increment may be delivered to stakeholders prior to the end of the Sprint. The Sprint Review should never be considered a gate to releasing value. The Daily Scrum is not the only time Developers are allowed to adjust their plan. They often meet throughout the day for more detailed discussions about adapting or re-planning the rest of the Sprint’s work. The purpose of the Daily Scrum is to inspect progress toward the Sprint Goal and adapt the Sprint Backlog as necessary, adjusting the upcoming planned work.